Microdermabrasion is a procedure where tiny particles “sand” or “polish” the skin and gradually remove scarred or discolored epidermal tissue. It is used to gain a deeper mechanical exfoliation, versus a chemical exfoliation like an enzyme or acid peel. The machine works like a mini sandblaster, shooting out crystals from zinc oxide, aluminum oxide or diamond particles to exfoliate the surface of the skin in combination with suction to pick up debris and excess crystals.
The surface skin cell turnover will be enhanced and the skin will be visibly fresher. Candidates for this kind of physical, mechanical exfoliation are those experiencing dry, dull skin, uneven skin texture or tone, and those prone to getting clogged pores or superficial breakouts.
Pores become clogged when skin cells do not migrate up and slough off properly, creating a build-up inside hair follicles and pores as well as a layer of excess “dead” skin cells on the surface. While microdermabrasion is great for removing cellular debris and preventing minor breakouts, it is not recommended for inflamed acne or sensitive skin (those with visible capillaries or Rosacea.) This is because inflammation can be worsened and damage to capillary walls can occur.
At-home versions have been advertised recently as an effective alternative to professional treatments. While these exfoliating creams use micro-sized exfoliating beads or crystals, they are not as effective because they lack the power of the machine, requiring the use of your hands or a brush. They will exfoliate, but are not the professional equivalent.
Ultrasonic microdermabrasion, or Ultrasound Therapy, is a more advanced and less invasive (less irritating) professional treatment. Using high frequency sound waves to vibrate and remove dead skin cells and debris, Ultrasound treatments can effectively smooth the surface of the skin, stimulate cell renewal and movement, and deeply cleanse the pores without the use of crystals or the risk of irritation. In addition to cleaning and exfoliating the skin, Ultrasound also firms the skin, stimulates collagen and elastin through ATP energy and enhances the delivery of active ingredients to the dermis layer of the skin. For more information on Ultrasound Facial Therapy, read Ultrasound Facial Therapy:
It is important to note that while exfoliation is important for skin health, it is not the only method of skin care necessary for healthy, beautiful skin. Proper skin supplementation and diet are hugely important. Excessive exfoliation of the skin can also cause problems like dryness, free radical production, sensitivity, enlarged pores, hyperpigmentation and more. It is always best to include deep exfoliation in your professional facial treatments an maintain at home with a few, high-quality products that keep skin cleans, hydrated and well-nourished.